Türkiye Afit (Hemiptera, Aphidoidea) Faunası ve İşgalci Elemanlarının Zoocoğrafik Yapısının Değerlendirilmesi

  • Hayal AKYILDIRIM
  • Özhan ŞENOL
  • Gazi GÖRÜR
  • Emin DEMİRTAŞ
Keywords: Anatolia, Alien species, Geography, Aphid, Turkey.

Abstract

Aphid’s small size, cyclical parthenogenesis, host preferences, higher adaptive ability and close association with plants let aphids to
invade new areas. Increased global trade and climatic changes resulted in introduction and establishment of invasive aphid species into
different regions of the world. Turkey is considered a bridge between Asia and Europe and thus it is the passageway of different species.
Turkey is a geographically large country, 31% of Turkish flora is endemic. This study aimed to clarify the geographical composition of
Turkey aphid fauna and provide some information about invasive components. Turkey was considered Mediterranean Basin of Palearctic
region. After evaluating all the documents related to about 491 aphid species, it was shown that 48.4 % of the species originated from
Europe, 17.3% of Asia, 15.7% of Palearctic, 7.7 % of Mediterranean, 6.5 % of Nearctic, 0.8 % of Ethiopian and 0.8 % of Oriental
respectively. 2.4 % of Turkey aphid fauna originated from Turkey.

Published
2019-07-07
Section
Articles