Erzincan’ndaki Bazı Erozyonlu Alanlar ve Bu Alanların Dominant Bitki Türleri

  • Mustafa KORKMAZ
  • Selahattin KARACAN
Keywords: B7 Square, Eastern Anatolia, Erzincan, Erosion areas, Plant diversity, Endemic plant


Anatolia is an inclined, high and rugged country. Both the topography and unplanned and incorrect use of the soils causes soil erosion at various depths for centuries. This results in soil degradation occurring in our forests suffered a great loss. This results in some of our forest completely destroyed, while others were inefficient, losing the forest qualifications. The studies consist of only engineering methods to combat erosion and afforestation activities. However, these methods remain extremely poor. Once the cause of the deterioration of their inability engineering measures taken, the problem of adaptation of plants to the area used to fight, and the difficulty of follow-up after the reforestation works. For these reasons; the possibility of identifying plants in different naturally eroded points of Erzincan, and using them in combating erosion will ensure more efficient results.In this study which was conducted in 2013 and 2014, some erosion fields within the boundaries of Erzincan were identified and intended to determine plant species that grow naturally in these areas. These areas were analysed with regards to field structure, plant diversity and soil properties to determine plant species which can be used for erosion control studies.According to the results of the survey 132 species from 35 families have been identified. From this species 51 (%38.63) are endemic to Türkiye( 10(%7.57 endemic to Erzincan.). Five families including most taxa are as follows; Asteraceae 18 (%18.63), Brassicaceae 15 (%11.36), Fabaceae 13 (% 9.84), Caryophyllaceae 11 (%8.33) and Boraginaceae 9 (%6.81).